One of the biggest benefits of facilitating a local small & minority business inclusion program is that it creates more employment options for members of the community, and consequently provides local employment for those who would otherwise have to relocate or file for unemployment. The most responsible action an owner can take at the outset of their project is to realize the long term benefit of including these businesses in their capital outlay planning as a notable factor of ROI (return on investment). The political challenges that often impact ‘inclusion’ programs are often difficult to reconcile resulting in programs that have little strength and effectiveness, or are non-existent. This is especially problematic in the private construction sector. However, there are some strong programs out there due their decision to treat community inclusion for capital improvement projects as a core value.